top of page
  • Content & Communications Department

Legacy of the Depths: Underground Cities Exploration Series - Episode 3

Özkonak Underground City: The Hidden Treasure of Cappadocia

One of the least known yet most intriguing underground cities in Cappadocia is Özkonak Underground City. Built on Christian beliefs, this underground city has been developed and expanded over time. It differs from other underground cities in Cappadocia due to its unique structure, with long and narrow communication holes between the levels. Like other underground cities in Cappadocia, Özkonak also features ventilation shafts, a winery, water wells, and large stone doors that close off the entrances. Remaining less touristy adds to its unique charm.

The exact construction date of Özkonak Underground City is unknown, but it is believed to have been used extensively between the 8th century BCE and the 10th century CE, similar to other underground cities in the region. Early Christians used these underground cities to escape persecution by the Roman Empire. Özkonak served as one of these underground refuges, equipped with all the necessities to survive and defend against attacks.

One of the unique features of Özkonak Underground City is its ventilation systems. The underground rooms and corridors are constantly supplied with fresh air through ventilation shafts leading to the surface. Additionally, water wells and secret passages ensure the city's defensive and survival needs are met. These engineering marvels highlight how well-planned Özkonak was as a defense and living space.

Another notable aspect of Özkonak Underground City is its large stone doors and trap systems. These doors were used to protect against enemy attacks. The narrow corridors and hidden passages made it difficult for enemies to enter the city and easier to neutralize those who did manage to get inside.

Today, Özkonak Underground City awaits visitors as one of the hidden treasures of Cappadocia. Those who explore this underground labyrinth embark on a journey filled with historical and engineering marvels. Özkonak offers a peaceful and serene visit due to its lesser-known status, setting it apart from other underground cities in Cappadocia.

Özkonak Underground City is one of the best places that reflect the historical and cultural heritage of Cappadocia. Discovering it means taking a journey into the depths of the past and understanding humanity's struggle for survival. This unique structure offers every visitor an unforgettable experience and reveals the rich history of Cappadocia.

Where is Özkonak Underground City and How to Get There?

Özkonak Underground City is located in the village of Özkonak in the Avanos district of Nevşehir. It is approximately 40 kilometers from the city center of Nevşehir. The distance from Avanos to the underground city is 13 kilometers. Those who want to go by car can take the Nevşehir – Avanos road and turn towards Özkonak to reach the underground city. Visitors can also use public transport, taking tour buses from the city center.

5 views0 comments


bottom of page